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美国知名专栏作家:对中国的错误认知

即使是对这个灰蒙蒙,漫无边际的首都的第一印象也足以让人觉得那些我们在政治运动中所听到的对中国虚夸的言论是多么不切实际、不诚实甚至是愚蠢。
2012年03月30日04:34        手机看新闻
尤金·罗宾逊
尤金·罗宾逊

    即使是对这个灰蒙蒙,漫无边际的首都的第一印象也足以让人觉得那些我们在政治运动中所听到的对中国虚夸的言论是多么不切实际、不诚实甚至是愚蠢。

  这是我第一次中国行,我打算在之后的几次栏目里报道我在这里的所见所闻。以我做驻外国记者的多年经验,我知道一个国家给人的第一印象是十分微妙难言的。我们都知道任何一个社会都是极其复杂而难以捉摸的。

  然而,并不是所有的第一印象都是不可信以为真的。尽管有一些并不像表面上看上去那么简单,需要我们深入了解。但是有一件事我可以确信的就是众多美国政客对中国的言论是完全错误的。

  除了出任美国驻华大使的洪博培,其他所有的共和党代表似乎都对中国态度十分强硬。其中最强硬的要数米特·罗姆尼了(美国总统热门候选人——译者注)。至少在经济问题上他曾多次表现出这种强硬的态度。

  “我们不可以坐以待毙地让中国威胁到我们,”罗姆尼在一次辩论中说道。“人们说,那好,你将展开一场贸易战。伙计们,其实这场战争现在就在进行。”

  真的是这样吗?从现在看来,这所谓的贸易战却更像是一种相互渗透和接受。我的酒店就在时尚华贵的朝阳区,与苹果专卖店一街之遥,在这里,你可以你可以看到星巴克,Calvin Klein以及你所能想到的所有名牌奢侈品商店。 在一小时车程外的慕田峪长城区,第一家印入眼帘的餐厅便是赛百味。在中国高档的汽车不仅包括保时捷,奔驰,还有美国的别克。在北京任何的商业街上随处可见店铺,卖家,和小贩在经营商品贸易。共产主义已经不是中国的体制了,只是中国政府尚未找出摆脱这个代名词的方法。

  当你走在北京街上所见到的巨大的,快速发展的消费型社会在很大程度上和我们自己的十分相像。我知道这样的想法过于单纯,因为像北京,上海这些沿海的繁华都市并不能代表内陆一些欠发达地区的情况。

  然而,我知道美国和中国将在这个世纪很长一段时间都是世界上最大的经济体,并且密不可分,因此那些所谓一方威胁另一方的言论都是毫无意义的。

  有一句俗话说的好,如果你向银行借款1000元,银行控制你,但是当你向银行借贷1万亿,那你就控制了银行。因此,中国政府最不想做的事就是搞垮美国经济,只有美国尽快地恢复稳固发展,中国才能确保所持有的美国国债将能够被偿还。

  这尚且未提及去年美国从中国进口了约3650亿美金的货物。中国当然希望美国能够保持这样的消费水平并继续作为中国最大的贸易出口国。

  因此,所谓的中国威胁论根本不是一个应该被强调的争论。解决贸易争端应该通过谈判和简单的计算,并且双方都有很强的意愿去达成共识来最大化共同利益。

  (编译:人民网美国公司实习记者 张雨昕)
   
    尤金·罗宾逊(Eugene Robinson)是《华盛顿邮报》的专栏作家和副主编,同时也做有线新闻电视MSNBC的时政评论员。 他从2005年2月开始为《华盛顿邮报》撰写每周两次的社论,130多家报纸拥有他的专栏的转载权。“在2008年总统大选期间,他撰写的许多专栏围绕美国第一位非洲裔总统的竞选,他的评论极具说服力,文笔优美,并展现了历史的深度”, 为此他于2009年荣获普利策奖。

The wrong way to talk about China
Eugene Robinson (November 29, 2011)
BEIJING

Even the briefest acquaintance with this smoggy, sprawling capital is basis
enough to conclude that much of the campaign rhetoric we're hearing about
China is unrealistic, dishonest or just dumb.

This is my first visit to China, and I plan to spend the next few columns
reporting what I see. I spent enough years as a foreign correspondent to
know how tricky first impressions can be. The subtleties and complexities
of any society are-unsurprisingly-subtle and complex.

But not all first impressions are unreliable. Some are such no brainers
that they can only deepen with experience. One thing I already know is
that the way many U.S. politicians talk about China is surely wrong.
With the exception of Jon Huntsman, who served as U.S. ambassador here,
all the Republican candidates seem to want to be "tough on China." Mitt
Romney apparently has decided to be the toughest, at least on the economic
matters most often cited as a reason to display toughness.

"We can't just sit back and let China run all over us," he said in one of
the debates. "People say, well, you'll start a trade war. There's one
going on right now, folks."

Really? From here, it looks more like an embrace than a war. My hotel is
in the chic, yuppified Chaoyang District, just up the street from an
Apple store, a Starbucks, a Calvin Klein boutique and just about every
luxury retailer you could possibly name. An hour's drive away, at the
visitors center for the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall, the first
restaurant you see is a Subway. High status automobile brands in China
include not just Porsche, Audi and Mercedes, but also Buick.

None of this remedies China's unfair policy of manipulating exchange rates
or its laxity in protecting intellectual property rights. But when you
walk the streets of Beijing, you see a huge, rapidly growing consumer
society that in many ways looks much like our own. I know this is an
oversimplification.

I know that boomtowns such as Beijing, Shanghai and others near the
coast do not reflect conditions in the less developed hinterlands.

But I also know that the U.S. and Chinese economies will be the two
largest in the world through much of this century and that they are
so codependent that talk of one country running all over the other is
nonsensical.

There's a saying that if you're in debt to the bank by $1,000, the bank
owns you. But if you’re in debt to the bank by $1 trillion, you own
the bank.

The last thing Chinese officials would want is to do meaningful damage
to our economy, because the more quickly we return to steady growth,
the more secure China can be that all the money it lent us will be paid
back.

It goes almost without mentioning that the United States imported about
$365 billion of Chinese goods last year. China also has a compelling
interest in making sure the United States retains the capacity to serve
as the biggest buyer of the flood of products that Chinese factories
produce.

So this is really a dispute over issues that should not be addressed with
chest pounding and tough guy threats. The solution involves negotiation
and simple arithmetic and both sides have a powerful incentive to reach
an accord.

Someone should explain this to Rick Perry though on second thought, it
might not make any difference. His most quotable bit of China bashing
came in the political realm.

"I happen to think that the Communist Chinese government will end up on
the ash heap of history," he said.

But this ignores the big picture. Yes, China is governed in an authori-
-tarian, repressive, at times shockingly brutal manner by a regime that
calls itself communist. But communism self immolated two decades ago.
Walk down any commercial street in Beijing and you see storefronts,
venders and hawkers selling anything under the sun. Communism is no
longer a system in China. It's just a brand name that officials haven't
figured out how to ditch.

I'm aware, of course, of the shameful human rights violations that the
Chinese government commits every day and of the government's selfish,
corrupt insistence on maintaining a monopoly of power. These atrocities
can never be forgotten.

But I'm betting that the burgeoning middle class will find a way to cast
off these shackles. The correct response would be to cheer them on.

(责编:美国频道、马茜)

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